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Water Infrastructure

To provide clean water for human consumption, The Maa Trust rehabilitates natural springs and constructs community rainwater harvesting (CRWH) projects.

The Maa Trust no longer constructs boreholes because fluoride in ground water in the Mara is double the WHO fit-for-consumption levels and there are continuous problems ground water extraction. Access to clean and safe water is a challenge to most of the households in the Mara. Women spend a lot of time walking long distances to collect water, often from sources shared with livestock and wildlife, resulting in waterborne diseases.

In 2019, two additional community water projects were constructed, benefiting an addition 5600 people: Aitong Spring Rehabilitation and Oloosokon Community Rainwater Harvesting project.

Thanks to funding from The Charitable Foundation (Australia), the Aitong Spring Project rehabilitated a natural spring where people were previously collecting contaminated water from the source of the spring causing degradation. Having protected the spring eye, the water is pumped to three schools, the clinic, livestock troughs and a cashless kiosk. At the cashless kiosk, families use a fob containing a sim card to pay $0.05 to fill a 20ltr jerry can of water. This payment for services will ensure project sustainability.

Oloosokon Community Rainwater Harvesting project, sponsored by Exodus Travels, was also completed in 2019, bringing the total to six CRWH systems within the Mara. Community rainwater harvesting projects consist of a large 1800m2 aluminium sheet roof, which drains into a 600,000 litre water tank. These simple systems ensure that communities can access clean rainwater free of fluoride for human consumption. These systems, constructed by Africa Water Bank, are very simple and cheap for communities to maintain.

The Maa Trust also constructs school rainwater harvesting and sanitation projects. We have recently put tanks on 7 schools and built toilets at 5. It is essential that children have access to safe water to drink, and clean toilets to use while they are at school. The resultant decrease in illness improves school attendance and results.

By the Numbers

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people benefitting from two additional community water projects constructed in 2019.



liters of water in an immense tank providing



square metres of aluminum sheet roof collecting rainwater.